What is a Dental X-Ray?

Dental X-Ray is the examination of the teeth, bones and gums and the invisible parts obtained with the help of X-Ray.

What is the dental X-Ray used for?

Dental X-Ray is a way of helping the dentist diagnose problems with the teeth or jaw. For example, with the intra-oral examination, only large dental caries can be diagnosed, whereas the early stages ofcaries, the origin of an abcess, structural defects in teeth, root fractures, cysts or tumors can be detected by X-Rays.

Does the Dental X-Ray cause any harm to children?

The radiation emitted from the dental X-Rays taken by modern techniques and methods is minimal. Therefore, there is no harm to the child from the radiation emitted by dental X-Ray.  On the contrary, the benefit from X-Ray is very high.

How Many Types of Dental X-rays Can Be Taken?

Dental X-Rays are divided into two: panoramic and periapical.

When taking a panoramic X-Ray, the apparatus does not need to be placed into the mouth, the whole mouth X-Ray can be taken from the outside.

For a periapical X-Ray, an X-Ray is taken by placing the apparatus into the mouth.

Is Dental Film (Dental X-Ray) Harmful to Pregnant Women?

Although many medications are not recommended or are controlled during pregnancy, no side effects of local anesthetics used in dental treatments have been reported.  Local anesthesia should be used in accordance with the recommendations of the manufacturer.  If there is no warning, there is no harm in using local anesthesia.  Under anesthesia, the patient will not experience pain and experience less stress.

For tooth extraction or any intervention, the use of local anesthesia during pregnancy should be carried out in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations. There is no objection to use if there is no warning. 

The use of antibiotics, especially the use of Penicillin and its derivatives (Amoxicilline etc.) does not have any drawbacks for the baby.

Tetracycline group antibiotics should not be taken.  If tetracycline is taken during pregnancy, colorations called "tetracycline colorings" occur in the baby's teeth.

Care should be taken in the use of painkillers and the recommendations of the manufacturer should be followed.

Although X-Ray machines used in dentistry have a very low level of radiation, X-Rays should be avoided in pregnant women.

If there is no necessity, this procedure should be postponed to postpartum.

An assessment is done of how much X-Ray would be harmful and whether it could harm the baby, the period in which the beam is exposed, the amount of radiation given, and the area of exposure.However, the dose of dental X-Rays is too low to cause concern.

The amount of radiation normally taken with a film drawn for diagnosis (eg, a lung film) is 5 rad and does not cause a problem. However X-ray can harmful and may cause damagein high doses (such as 100 -300 rad).

It is recommended to wear a lead vest to cover the mother's abdomen where X-Raydamage may occur.

When an X-Ray is taken, entering the room should be avoid even though the risk is minimal.

If an X-Ray film must be taken for an emergency treatment, the mother should wear a special protective apron, fast film beused and a low dose given.

Dental X-Ray  During Pregnancy

As the radiation dose contained in the dental X-Ray during pregnancy is only 0.01 mils rad, the process is safe.  To be damaged by the baby's tooth X-Ray,100,000 exposures would be required!

It has been shown that mental abnormality and eye anomalies occur in fetuses in cases of exposure to radiation above 10 rad in pregnancy. Generally, X-Ray films used for diagnostic purposes contain less than 5 rads of radiation.

The Importance of the Thyroid Protector

The most common application of X-ray films in dentistry services are Periapical X-Ray, Bite-Wing (bite) X-Ray and panoramic X-Ray applications (especially in orthodontic treatment and checkups).

Panoramic X-Ray: This is thepreferred tomographic type of X-Ray because of its good dose application,  imaging quality of the jawbone, surrounding structure and all teeth, and reduction of the time taken for early diagnosis and treatment.

In X-Ray applications, it is known that routine dental X-Ray applications in pregnancy should be avoided although the amount of radiation given by dental X-Ray is quite low.

WhenX-Ray film and tomography are required in the teeth, jaw, head, lung and neck regions, care should be taken in the protection of the thyroid gland.

In our country, during dental X-Ray,  thyroid protection measures are not routinely applied to adults and especially children.

In western countries, lead thyroid protectors are used in paediatric X-Ray but this practice is not yet in force in our country.

Especially in children the thyroid gland during development is sensitive and vulnerable to all kinds of radiation.

X-Ray beam scattering and unnecesary scatter type radiation can damage the child’s thyroid gland if the head, neck or collar area are exposed to X-Rays in dental X-Ray and multiple exposure applications.

The damage of the radiation to the thyroid depends on the age of the child and the amount of radiation used in the application.It is known that very repetitive X-Ray films at an early age bring a radiation load to bear on the thyroid. Moreover, while the effect of radiation on the thyroid may not appear in the short term, it may manifest itself in later years.

The problems with thyroid metabolism and energy manager gland trigger many important aspects of fertility, heart disease, mental health and other health problems and affect them permanently.

The thyroid gland is particularly susceptible to radiation, radioactive waves, excessive radiation exposure, thyroid papillary cancer;a number of thyroid cancers are a known risk factor.

Dental clinics are required to protect the thyroid gingiva from X-Rays, and protect  dentists and patients from exposure to unnecessary radiation during X-Rays.

Therefore, in order to protect the thyroid gland from scattering and scatter type unnecessary radiation, we seem itmandatory to wear a thyroid protective collar before X-Ray exposure.

The potential hazards of X-Ray are often overlooked. The risk of thyroid cancer should not be ignored in the form of low-dose radiation source in dental radiography applications.

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